How to plant and care for pachysandra

How to plant and care for pachysandra

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Maintenance-free, grows in just about any soil. Mature height ". In stock. Temporarily out of stock. Email when available Specifications Cold hardiness zone : degrees F - Contact your local extension to confirm hardiness if you are in a fringe zone we cannot guarantee hardiness in fringe zones AHS Heat Zone : Light : Part sun Shade Growth rate : varies by cultivar Mature height : " Spacing: varies by cultivar Tolerant of : Deer, Drought, Rabbits pH of Soil : 4. There is something so natural about this plant, gardeners find her irresistible when hoping to achieve a peaceful feeling.

  • Pachysandra terminalis 'Green Carpet' (Japanese Spurge)
  • Groundcover
  • Caring For Pachysandra Terminalis
  • Tips on Planting Pachysandra
  • Pachysandra Terminalis: A Shady Ground Cover Option
  • Pachysandra Ground Cover
  • Very healthy plant
  • How to Plant and Grow Japanese Pachysandra Plants
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How to Plant Pachysandra Groundcover

Pachysandra terminalis 'Green Carpet' (Japanese Spurge)

Easy to Plant ; Pachysandra. Pachysandra is a ground cover that is closely related to the ginseng plant. Many people have it growing naturally in their yards without realizing it!

A very popular plant used all over the world. Pachysandra plant care in the garden is a breeze. It will grow in shade, which makes it an ideal understory plant for woodland areas. Some varieties of the nana, which is a smaller version of it, prefer to be partially shaded. The plant will grow in full sun as well; however it will typically not as colorful. It will also grow in moist or even wet areas. Pachysandra plant care in a garden bed involves a little more regular attention than its area of natural habitat.

Water your pachysandra regularly, weekly to twice a week. Depending on the amount of sunlight the plant is receiving, more water will be needed in some areas and less in others.

In the winter keep the plant moist. Unlike a lot of the other ground covers, it does not require freezing temperatures to trigger dormancy. Pachysandra terminalis, commonly called Japanese spurge, is a Chinese ground cover plant that is easy to care for. It is also easy to propagate and maintain, and it is a great ground cover for shady spaces. It can also be a substitute for Japanese spurge Pachysandra terminalis in an insecticide, but is not as effective. A unique aspect of the Japanese spurge plant is that, while it may spread across a wide area, it does not need roots to spread its seeds.

It can grow easily in soils with high concentrations of organic matter so it is not picky about soil type. Japanese spurge also requires very little maintenance and pruning, making it a low-cost ground cover. This plant works well in woodland areas so this ground cover requires no water once established. Pachysandra terminalis is excellent at holding in the soil and keeping it moist. It does well in partly shaded areas, but it is important to be aware that this plant does not handle complete shade well.

The plant species will spread rapidly and will have a natural, flowing appearance. Pachysandra terminalis is usually used as a hedge on either side of a pathway or as part of a ground cover. It forms a dome shape that grows to about 10 inches high. Pachysandra is a trailing ground cover with evergreen leaves. Its low impact, adaptable architecture makes it an ideal plant to use as a flowing, shaded space filler.

When used in sunny areas, Pachysandra can tolerate partial sunlight, but it prefers shady areas. It will not do well in direct sunlight. You can use Pachysandra as a ground cover in just about any type of soil. It is the perfect ground cover for shade, but in the hot summer it will do well any where in your garden.

It is important to note that it prefers consistently moist soil and should be watered directly from below to make sure that the moisture reaches the root ball. If possible, plant it in a location that has some type of drainage system. The plants do best when they are evenly spaced and not mounded when planting but it is not as important to give the plant spacing as it is to make sure that the Pachysandra is evenly spread out. Pachysandra creates a fabulous ornamental look, and it is easy to maintain.

For best results, water pachysandra once every one or two weeks when the weather is warmer. During the cooler season, water about every two to three weeks. Allow your pachysandra to dry out slightly between watering and do not allow your plant to sit in water. Like most plants, pachysandra dislikes wet roots. When you water your pachysandra plant, never let the soil get soggy and never allow the roots to stand in water. Pachysandra terminalis Pachysandra procumbens , or Alleghany spurge, is a low-growing, shade-tolerating ground cover that is well suited for planting under trees.

As a matter of fact, some gardeners use pachysandra to create a natural weed barrier under trees. Pachysandra is a perennial evergreen that is hardy in U. Because it is a rhizomatous plant, mature pachysandra plants send out new shoots from their roots, or rhizomes, to form more plants. The shoots that form on the trailing and upright stems of pachysandra grow new leaves and flowers.

Pachysandra is a wonderful ground cover for shady and moist areas that carpets and low-maintenance gardens and it can be hard to kill. The key to its success is consistently moist soil and lots of shade. In the spring, the plants produce pretty, purple flowers, which die off by mid-June. In the fall, leaves emerge in an attractive crumpled texture that is accentuated by the fiery colors of the fall leaves. Green manure is another traditional use of the plant and has a positive effect on the soil.

Simply plant patches of it with your garden plants and let it grow as your other plants are growing. Its leaves will accumulate nitrogen for your other plants.

When your main planting season is finished, which is generally in October for zone 6, mow down the patch. Pachysandra is a perennial evergreen ground cover that spreads by shoots emerging from the roots. You can also propagate new plants from the tips of the creeping stems or from the greenish-white flowers. Remove the lower leaves, root the cuttings in a moist porous planting medium, and gently prick out the tiny plants once they develop roots.

Division helps you propagate your plant faster without having to suffer many of the yearlong growing pains. Do this in the spring or summer when the plants are at rest and the ground is warm.

Dig down to the root collar and turn the plant out of the soil. Separate the plant into sections that have roots and use these sections to replant. Water well for a week or two. Use fresh seeds to grow a new plant. Pachysandra prefers a well-drained soil in a shady location that is acid, neutral, or slightly alkaline. Water enough during dry periods and you should have a lush plant in a little over a month. Pachysandra is a Japanese-derived plant with thick, waxy, dark green leaves popularly used to form a ground cover.

Although it is a perennial plant, it must be pruned each year without fail. Pachysandra may grow and spread very quickly, so you have to take control of its growth.

With just a little bit of time and effort, you can keep the plant trimmed and at the size you want it. Two weeks before you plan to prune your plant, begin digging it up. Cut as much of the Pachysandra as you have room for. Dig holes for your cuttings and plant them six inches deep and two inches apart in different areas of your yard.

Once your Pachysandra has been replanted in your yard, you need to prune it at least three times a year: in spring, summer and autumn.

Pachysandra can grow up to eight inches in height in one season. You will need to prune in the spring, summer and autumn to keep your Pachysandra in check. Be sure to fertilize your lawn and avoid over-watering. These are two of the most common reasons why lawns die or become lackluster. Check out your use of fertilizers and pesticides and make sure that you are following label directions.

Be careful when watering your lawn as well. Do your soil type, sun exposure and watering needs, allow for plenty of water? Using a nozzle that delivers a wide, low-pressure, pulsing stream is ideal. If your lawn is in full sun, use the nozzle on the fastest of the three settings. If your lawn gets only mid-day shade, choose the middle speed.

If not, then move on to the slowest setting. Stop watering the lawn when the nozzle you are using leaves a circle of dampness with inches of dry space in the center. Pachysandra is a full sun or partial sun plant that prefers moist, well-drained soils. Although drought-tolerant, it will not be happy in a plant area that often goes dry. Other than being susceptible to leaf spot, fungal root rot, and powdery mildew, Pachysandra is a fairly problem-free plant.

Purchase only healthy, pest-free plants. The leaves of mildly infested plants will generally not turn yellow or brown and will not fall off. Plants with yellow, spotted, or brown leaf edges or plants with wilted or discolored foliage should be discarded.

Even new plants are sometimes affected by these fungal infections, and sometimes even a healthy plant purchased as a mature specimen can develop infections. If they begin to show signs of disease during this time, discard the plants. Rotate the new plants over a longer time period before placing them where older infected plants were, to avoid exposing them to the same site for too long.

Pachysandra terminalis Pachysandra procumbens is a shade-loving, ground cover plant that works both inside and outside a landscape. This woody herbaceous perennial plant is a North American native that typically grows in shady, moist environments. Native to the eastern United States, Pachysandra procumbens is typically found in the forests of West Virginia and Virginia. It also grows in the mountains of Georgia and the Carolinas. This herbaceous plant makes an excellent ground cover and is ideal for small lawn areas such as patios, walkways, and other areas that may require an aesthetic but low-maintenance and drought-tolerant ground cover.


This deer resistant groundcover is ideal for small shady areas. This enhanced selection has striking evergreen stems with extra-glossy, bright green leaves. Tiny white flowers begin to appear in the spring. Spreads to form a dense carpet.

Pachysandra is an excellent ground cover for shady areas; overexposure to sun may cause it to turn yellow. Care. No unusual care instructions for this plant.

Caring For Pachysandra Terminalis

Add To My Plant List. Hardiness Zone: 4a. A highly regarded evergreen groundcover, exceptional performance in deep shade, actually dislikes hot sun, one of the few that does well beneath mature shade trees; prefers highly organic, acidic soils, will benefit from snow cover in colder regions. Japanese Spurge features tiny spikes of white flowers rising above the foliage in mid spring. Its glossy narrow leaves remain forest green in color throughout the year. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. Japanese Spurge is a dense herbaceous evergreen perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

Tips on Planting Pachysandra

Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Pachysandra may be a slow starter, but by the third year, it will spread out and create a mass of deep green evergreen foliage. Once pachysandra is established it requires virtually no assistance, but an occasional pruning can keep it looking its healthy best. Revitalize pachysandra every four to six years by clipping it with a lawn mower. This will prevent the plant from becoming too stringy, and will encourage it to fill in any sparse areas.

Pachysandra terminalis, or Japanese Spurge, is an herbaceous perennial evergreen in the boxwood family typically used as a rhizomatous ground cover. This plant blooms in early spring.

Pachysandra Terminalis: A Shady Ground Cover Option

Sometimes known as Japanese spurge, Pachysandra is a small genus of very dwarf shrubs, popular for over a century for their ability to spread into a dense evergreen carpet beneath other taller shrubs. They all need some degree of shade and acid soils, hence their popularity for underplanting rhododendrons. Pachysandra terminalis is perhaps the best known Pachysandra , and is fully hardy and evergreen. It will tolerate full sun if the ground is consistently moist, but it is more valuable as a carpeting plant in dry shade, sheltered from cold winds. North facing, east facing, west facing. No reported toxicity to Birds.

Pachysandra Ground Cover

Watering Pachysandra needs regular watering--an inch of water a week from rain or from a watering can, soaker hose, or drip irrigation until it becomes established. Otherwise water it only during droughts and in late fall before the ground freezes. At these times, water deeply once a week. If you have good soil with lots of organic matter added each year and if you mulch your newly planted pachysandra beds, they will need watering only when it has not rained for a week or two. If you have poor soil with little organic content or if you choose not to use mulch, then you may have to water the plants every sunny day, at least until they are well rooted. This is especially true for pachysandra growing in containers. For more information see file on Choosing Watering Equipment. Fertilizing Fertilize newly planted pachysandra at planting time or in the spring by sprinkling some fertilizer on the soil around each plant if you have not already mixed it into the soil when preparing the planting bed.

Being tolerant of both shade and drought, the pachysandra plant is easy to care for. You can grow it in clay soil or dry.

Very healthy plant

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How to Plant and Grow Japanese Pachysandra Plants

For the latest on RHS Shows in , read more. Make a donation. This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated.

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You might say that pachysandra Pachysandra terminalis , aka Japanese spurge, is the tough guy in the neighborhood. Pachysandra is one of the most common ground covers used in zones 4 and above. Native to Japan, this evergreen shrubby looking plant has been in this country for several decades. It is used extensively by landscapers, especially where erosion is a potential problem. Two of the most common varieties include Green Carpet and Green Sheen. Both varieties have waxy, glossy leaves.

Use these convenient icons to share this page on various social media platforms:. Signup Login Toggle navigation. Encouraging Pachysandra to Spread - Knowledgebase Question. Question by phillipskeb May 7,

Watch the video: How to Grow Pachysandra