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Bone sap (lat.Eupatorium) - genus of perennials of the family Astrovye, or Asteraceae, originating from North America and spreading in Asia, Europe and tropical regions of Africa. The genus includes more than 120 described species, but even more than 200 species of the stethoscope have an undefined status.
The Russian name of the plant, most likely, comes from the word "poskon", as the male cannabis plant is called, with which the sapwood has some external similarity, and the genus received the scientific name in honor of Mithridates Eupator, the Pontic king, who used some of the plant species antidotes.
Planting and caring for the steep
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings - in early March, transplanting seedlings into open ground - in the second half of May.
- Bloom: from mid-summer to early autumn.
- Lighting: bright diffused light, partial shade.
- The soil: loose, moist and nutritious sandy loam and loamy soils of neutral reaction.
- Watering: frequent and abundant.
- Top dressing: solutions of complex mineral fertilizer three times per season: in spring, in June and during budding.
- Reproduction: seeds, buds, cuttings.
- Diseases: the plant is resistant.
- Pests: miners.
Read more about growing stethosis below.
Stem stands are rhizomatous perennial and annual subshrub and herbaceous plants with straight stems, opposite, less often alternate or whorled leaf arrangement. Ovate, linear, elliptical, spear-lanceolate, rhombic, oblong, pinnate, palmate-lobed leaves, whole or serrated along the edge, can be sessile or petioled. The surface of the leaf plate at the steep slopes is smooth, rough or pubescent.
About growing sedum - it looks like a steeple
Small tubular purple, pink, white or lilac-blue flowers are collected in baskets, forming complex panicles, scutes or racemes. The fruit of this genus is achene.
Planting a steep tree in open ground
When to plant
Planting and caring for the steep in the open field begins with sowing seeds for seedlings. However, pre-seed material is subjected to cold stratification: mixed with wet sand, placed in a glass jar and kept for a month in a vegetable box of the refrigerator. At the beginning of March, fill the container with seedling soil, sow the seeds of the steep, soaked for a day in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, to a depth of about 5 mm, cover the crops with foil or glass and place in a warm place. Crop care consists in daily ventilation and removal of condensate from the cover.
In the photo: Blossoming of the steeple
From the seedlings that appeared after 2-3 weeks, the cover is removed, and at the stage of development in seedlings of two pairs of real leaves, they are dived into peat pots. In the open ground, the steep-sill is planted in the spring, in the second half of May, when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed.
For those who do not want to bother with growing seedlings, there is a way out: bristle seedlings are not in short supply, and they can be purchased at a flower shop or a garden pavilion. However, before planting in the ground, both purchased and self-grown seedlings must be hardened for 10-12 days: they must be taken out into the open air every day, gradually increasing the duration of the session. During the "walk" the seedlings should be protected from drafts and precipitation.
How to plant
It grows best in an open sunny place, although it can develop normally in partial shade and even in the shade. The plant is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, however, it prefers loose nutritious neutral soils. Sandy and loamy soils are not suitable for the steep slope.
The area under the steep slope must be prepared in advance: it is good to dig it up, adding, if necessary, 3-5 kg of compost for each m², then level the area with a rake and dig holes at a distance of 60-80 cm from each other. The depth of the holes should be such that a peat pot with a seedling will fully fit in them.
Place the pots in the holes and fill the remaining space with soil, then compact and water the surface.
Caring for broomstick in the garden
The bush plant needs watering, fertilizing, loosening the soil around the bush, removing weeds, pruning and protecting against diseases and pests. Tall slopes may need support, so it is best to plant them along fences or walls. The steep does not require formative pruning, but to prevent self-seeding, wilted inflorescences are pruned before the ripe seeds fall to the ground.
In the photo: Growing stethoscope
The sapwood belongs to winter-hardy plants, and they do not cover it for the winter, but before the onset of cold weather, the entire above-ground part of the plant is cut off.
Watering and feeding
Bone sap is moisture-loving, and if you plant it near a reservoir, the plant will be grateful to you for it. Do not be afraid to water the steep often and abundantly: its rhizome is not afraid of slight stagnation of water. But in dry season, the plant suffers.
After rain or watering, you need to loosen the soil around the bush so that a crust does not form on it, and remove weeds. If you don't want to do this all the time, mulch the trunk circle with organic material.
During the season, the steep is fertilized three times: the first time in spring, then in June, and the last time - during the formation of buds on the plant. As top dressing, you can use weakly concentrated solutions of bird droppings or mullein, but it is better to apply complex mineral fertilizers to the trunk circle.
Pests and diseases
Steps are resistant to both diseases and pests. Problems can arise due to the occupation of the bush by miners, which are difficult to destroy even with the most powerful insecticides. To get rid of the parasites, you will have to cut off the damaged leaves and shoots of the steep. However, the plant recovers quickly.
Types and varieties
Hemp steep (Eupatorium cannabinus)
It grows almost throughout Europe in swamps, streams and damp meadows. It has an erect stem, reaching a height of 20 cm to 1 m. Slightly pubescent, palmate-separate leaves, consisting of 3-5 segments with a serrated edge, are located on short petioles. The apical corymbose panicles are formed from pink baskets. The most famous garden forms of the species:
- Plenum (Flore Pleno) - a plant up to 160 cm high with long blooming terry baskets;
- Variegatum - a form up to 75 cm high with bright pink flowers and an uneven white border around the edges of the leaves;
- Album - stethoscope with white inflorescences.
In the photo: Hemp bristle (Eupatorium cannabinus)
Bone sap (Eupatorium rugosa)
It differs from other representatives of the genus by oval, opposite leaves with a serrated edge. The flowers of this species are white. The most interesting varieties are:
- Chocolet - a frost-resistant plant with bronze-brown shiny leaves, which, when blooming, have a purple tint, and inflorescences of small white flowers;
- Brownlaub - a bush up to one and a half meters high, the young leaves and buds of which are brown.
In the photo: Eupatorium purpureum
Purple stew (Eupatorium purpureum = Eupatorium falcatum = Eupatoriadelphus purpureus = Eupatorium purpureum var.amoenum = Eupatorium trifoliatum)
It is a rhizome perennial from North America up to 150 cm high with straight bluish-green stems and whorled, hairy, oval-lanceolate, pointed to the top and serrated along the edge of the leaves. Small baskets in the color range from light pink to purple-lilac are collected in shields up to 20 cm in diameter. The most famous varieties:
- Little Red - compact variety up to 1 m high with wine-pink flowers;
- Little Joe - a plant of the same height with small smoky pink flowers, collected in an inflorescence.
In the photo: Bristlecone spotted (Eupatorium maculatum)
Bone sap (Eupatorium maculatum = Eupatorium purpureum var.maculatum = Eupatoriadelphus maculatus)
In nature, it is found in thickets, forests and meadows of the coastal zone of North America. It is a powerful plant up to 180 cm high with elongated whorled leaves and purple flowers. In culture, such varieties of this type are more often grown:
- Album - a plant up to 2 m high with grayish-white inflorescences;
- sap atropurpureum - a variety with dark red stems up to 200 cm high and pink-purple inflorescences;
- Barterd Bride - bush up to 2.4 m high with absolutely white flowers;
- Gateway - a variety up to one and a half meters high with red stems and dense, lush dome-shaped inflorescences of lilac-pink flowers;
- Big Umbrellaz - steep sap up to 180 cm high with large caps of gray-pink inflorescences on red stems;
- Karin - variety up to 2 m high with pale lavender baskets;
- Phantom - a hybrid variety less than a meter high with dark stems and dove-lilac inflorescences;
- Pearl Bash - steep sap up to 150 cm high with dark red stems and lilac-pink inflorescences, resembling Gateway, but smaller.
Skeleton in landscape design
Birchwood is grown both as a solo plant and as a background for composition with other ornamental crops. A beautiful bush bush in the middle of a green lawn or in the background of a mixborder. This moisture-loving plant is often adorned with the shores of natural and artificial reservoirs.
In order to hide an unsightly fence or structure, the steep is planted in a group. Tall plant varieties, covered with frost and snow, will decorate your garden in winter. The steep is also beautiful when cut: it retains its fresh appearance for a long time. The shoots and inflorescences of the plant are often used for ikebana. Loosestrike, daylily, astilba, buzulnik and echinacea are more suitable partners than other plants.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Asteraceae
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
- Information about Annual Plants
- Information about the Shrub
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Annuals Compositae (Asteraceae) Semi-shrubs Plants on P
The radish plant (Raphanus sativus) is a type of radish belonging to the Cruciferous family. As in the case of the most radish, the name comes from the Latin "root".
The radish vegetable is considered the fastest growing of all the fastest growing crops and is very popular in many countries. This is also facilitated by both piquant taste and high content of nutrients. The fast growing radish, which yields on average in just one month of growth, is able to quickly fill the lack of vitamins, and is considered especially useful after a long winter.
Features of galtonia
The height of the galtonia can vary from 0.5 to 1.5 m. Large cone-shaped bulbs have a concave bottom. Leaf plates are bare, juicy, grooved, belly-shaped. The height of the peduncle is about 100 centimeters, it bears a loose racemose inflorescence, consisting of drooping white flowers, which have a non-falling tubular-funnel-shaped perianth. Flowering is observed in August and September. The fruit is a slightly ribbed three-nested cylindrical box. Inside the capsule there is a large number of seeds of irregular triangular shape and black color.
Popular varieties of steak
Today, the steep is rarely used in landscape design. Annual shrubs are less common than perennial ones. The distribution area is quite extensive: swampy areas, tropics, damp meadows and moist forests. Evpatorium is unpretentious in care. Its dense, spreading thickets are of interest to insects.
Due to its high decorativeness, the stethoscope is becoming more and more popular. Gardeners are planting varieties.
Having finished fruiting, tuberous corydalis turn yellow, and then dry up, falling into a resting phase. The plant retains tubers in the soil, which are not afraid of dangers - not constant mowing of the lawn, and even drought. All transplant operations of these plants are conveniently performed in this state. But during dormancy, the plant is not always easy to find.
Therefore, plants can be transplanted during the growing season and even at the very peak of flowering. It is better to do this with a clod of earth. You need to know that when transplanting during the growth period, the aerial part breaks off. In this case, the flower will not die, but goes into a dormant phase and will continue the growing season only next year.
In stores, on sale from August to September, tubers appear that have entered dormancy. The tubers must be juicy and firm, shriveled and flabby are not suitable for planting.
Corydalis diseases and pests: Corydalis pests are the same as those of adorable snowdrops: moles, mice and viruses. The measures to combat them are the same.
Directly for planting young plants, a carefully dug bed should be formed, where subsequently digging planting holes for the bedside at a distance of about a meter should be formed.
In the planting hole, the depth of which should be sufficient for the complete immersion of the roots, fertilizers should be applied in the following quantities: bone meal - 5-10%, ash - 30%, humus - 60-65%.
It should be carefully placed in the pit cleaned of old soil and straightened roots of the plant of the steep, deepen them into the ground, water with water. Slightly compact the settled nutrient mixture, sprinkle the roots of the steep completely together with the existing shoots, once again water well with water, again slightly compact, trying not to break the shoots.
Photo in landscape design
Broomstick in a landscape can be used in different ways. Effectively plant it along fences and various buildings.
Bone sill serves as a good disguise for unsightly buildings and shelter from prying eyes.
In mixed flower beds, high varieties of steep should be placed in the center. When creating multi-level plantings, it should be planted in the very last row along with other tall plants.
The plant can be effectively planted without neighbors, creating large accents on the site
It is good to plant the sapwood along the paths for beauty or zoning.
Some of the flowers can be used for cutting. They keep fresh for a long time and are suitable for making ikebans.
In nature, the steep prefers places near water bodies, this can be used in landscape design
What is the stethoscope combined with?
The sapwood can be combined with different plants. If you need harmony in color, then you should choose Japanese anemone, astilbe, highlander, delphinium, loosestrife, black cohosh (cimicifuga), New England asters, purple echinacea.
To create contrast, you can choose buzulnik, helenium, daylily, rudbeckia, solidago.
In terms of flowering time, the steeple goes well with large decorative grasses.