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The freshness and aroma of the basil that grows in the summer in the garden, I really want to preserve for the winter, especially if there is no way to create a garden on the balcony. There are several ways to prepare this spice for future use. With the advent of modern refrigeration equipment, it became possible to freeze fragrant grass, in which not only aroma and taste are preserved, but also useful substances that make up the culture.
The dry method includes the following operations:
- preparation for freezing;
- preparation for storage;
The freshness and aroma of basil growing in the summer in the garden, I really want to preserve for the winter
Among the several options for freezing basil for the winter, the dry method is one of the most commonly used at home. It is convenient in that the herbs frozen in this way do not take up much space in the freezer and can be stored for a long time, and all the work to preserve the aromatic spice is done quickly and easily. So, in order to freeze basil in a dry way for the winter, you should proceed as follows. Initially, you need to collect greens from the garden and prepare it for freezing. In this case, the basil can be frozen both with whole branches and with individual leaves. The collected spice must be washed well. Correctly, in this case, it will be to soak the greens in a container of water for about an hour, which will completely get rid of the dust that had time to settle on the leaves and stems of the plant.
After the greens have been washed, they must be dried well, which will make the freezing of better quality - the taste of the basil will remain the same bright and rich, and it will be possible to store the spice in the refrigerator for a little longer. The completely finished spice is laid out in plastic bags, from which air is released and tied in a knot. The resulting bags of basil are placed in the freezer, where it can be stored for up to a year. After a day, the package must be taken out and moved. This is done so that the greens do not freeze in one piece, but disintegrate into separate elements, which is more convenient for its further use.
Freezing basil video
Wet way to freeze spices for the winter
Prepared greens, well washed and dried, are crushed. You can chop it by hand using a simple slicing of greens with a knife, or use a blender. But in the second case, you should not get very carried away and turn the basil prepared for freezing into gruel, it is better to leave it just small enough.
Prepared greens, well washed and dried, are crushed
Chopped basil, put in ice cube trays and fill with water. Water can be boiled or filtered - it doesn't really matter. Next, the molds with such a mixture are removed into the freezer and wait for the water to freeze completely. After that, the ice cubes with basil are shaken out, put in plastic bags or containers and placed back in the freezer. Some housewives, who are particularly painstaking, wrap each individual cube in cling film. In the future, the basil cubes can be used to make sauces or gravy. It is enough just to get the spice frozen in this way and add it to the prepared dish, without first defrosting the ice.
Some, at the stage of grinding the greens, turn the spice into gruel, mix it with water so that the mixture can be liquid enough, and pour it into bags to make ice. And already in this form they begin to freeze. The result is small ice cubes with basil. By the way, you can prepare celery for the winter in the same way.
Video about freezing basil for the winter
Basil with olive oil
This freezing method is somewhat similar to the previous one. The preliminary preparation of the basil for freezing for the winter is exactly the same as described above - i.e. the greens must be collected, washed, dried and chopped, but not to the state of gruel, but only finely chopped with a knife, or chopped with a food processor. After that, the greens are mixed with olive oil. There should be not too much oil, but not too little, so that it covers the herb-spice (about 3 tablespoons of oil per spoonful of herbs). The mixture of basil and olive oil should be transferred in small portions to zip bags available from your local hardware store. Put the bags in the freezer and, if necessary, use the whole frozen briquette, or break them off in small pieces for adding to soups or sauces. It can be stored in the refrigerator throughout the year.
There should be not too much oil, but not too little, so that it covers the herb-spice
As you can see, there are several ways you can freeze and store spicy herbs in the refrigerator. Each of the options is convenient in its own way and has its own advantages. But as such, there is no better way - you need to make a choice depending on your taste preferences and convenience. By the way, you can always make your own adjustments to any option, which will allow you to achieve the most optimal way of freezing.
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Compatto. Favorite variety of basil for garden and window
You can endlessly talk about the basilica. This is probably the most controversial plant in culture and history. Over the past thousand years, it has been attributed to a variety of properties, often completely opposite. One example is the attitude to this herb in medieval Europe. In Christianity, it was considered the plant of the Holy Communion. It was also believed that basil grew on Mount Calvary. And at the same time, despite the "sanctity", basil was an indispensable component of witch's potions and magical rituals. So it was called - "witch's grass". I don’t know, I don’t know ... There is definitely something magical in him.
There are many plants on my windowsills: I grow my personal jungle. This green state is my refuge from the winter blues, thanks to him, the summer in my house never ends.
Some of my plants, in addition to aesthetic pleasure, bring me practical benefits. In addition to ornamental and flowering, aromatic and medicinal herbs grow on my windowsills. I can go back to summer days with a fresh, spicy taste.
Thyme, rosemary, oregano ... Feeling missing something on the list? Basilica, of course!
Attempts to breed this wonderful plant in previous winters brought only disappointment. Basil needs a lot of light, in the cold months it stretches out very much, loses its decorative effect, spoils my whole look. I gave up this venture, in winter I used only dried spice, prepared in summer.
But everything is changing: I finally found a variety that is perfect for my windows. While he is in a place of honor in the garden, as a wonderful decoration of my pharmacy garden. A real treasure!
Basil has been known to mankind for over five thousand years. Today, it is common on almost all continents. There are many types of this plant, conditionally dividing them into two large groups: sweet basil (the one that we habitually use in cooking) and sacred or Thai basil (widespread in Asian countries).
Among the types of sweet basil, small-leaved basil is very distinguished, it is also called shrub sweet or spherical Greek basil.
So, let me introduce you to my new favorite among the basilicas - the small-leaved handsome Compatto varieties... He is adorable: a neat spherical crown, such a dense emerald ball. The aroma is amazing - bright, rich, with hints of clove.
Look at him in the garden. It is side by side in decorative peppers, what a cute couple! I am sure that in winter it will definitely decorate my windowsill. It grows quickly, but does not stretch: the plant is dwarf, the internodes are short, the foliage is small and dense. Really really Kompatto - tightly packed basil! Compatto means “compact, compressed” in Italian.
I grew my basil from seeds. On January 28, she sowed dry seeds on the surface of the soil, sprayed it with water from a spray bottle, and covered the glass with a film. Shoots appeared on February 4th. She looked after them exactly the same way as for the rest of the seedlings. In mid-May, I planted it with pepper in a 10-liter bucket. Drainage from broken bricks was poured at the bottom, fertile compost was taken on the soil.
Growing Compatto Basil Outdoors
This task can be done even for a novice gardener. General recommendations are as follows:
- Basil is a very thermophilic plant, even small frosts can destroy it. Therefore, the seedling method of growing from seeds is most suitable. They sow it at the end of March in light soil, without deepening or sprinkling with a layer of soil no more than 0.5 cm. Moisten the surface of the soil and cover with a film. Periodically, the film must be removed for airing. At a temperature of 20-25 0 C, seedlings will appear in 6-12 days. Then the temperature is lowered.
- They dive into pots or thin out 20-25 days after germination. The plants should have 2-3 true leaves. Basil seedlings should be kept in the sunniest place, trying to keep the temperature no higher than 18 0 C so that our seedlings do not stretch out. Watering should be moderate, but regular: overdrying of the soil inhibits the plants. Use settled water at room temperature for irrigation.
- Landing in the ground is carried out from mid-May, when the threat of return frosts has passed. Plant care consists of watering, weeding and loosening.
- During the season, shoots 12-12 cm long are cut 2-3 times, dried in the shade at a temperature not higher than 35 0 C.
Several bushes were planted in open ground and showed themselves to the fullest. Look at them at the end of September. During the season, I did not form the bushes on purpose. Crohn's Compatto takes this form itself.
Propagation of basil Kompatto cuttings
For the winter, I will plant it in a pot and put it on the window, for this I will receive planting material by cutting the mother bush.
The procedure is simple: I cut off the tops of the heads 6-7 centimeters long and put them in a container with rainwater. After two weeks, the roots appear, after which I simply plant them in cups with soil.
How to cook compote from frozen currant berries
Pre-frozen berries are the most important ingredient for preparing the drink. They retain all the beneficial properties of a fresh product. In order for the workpiece to be of excellent quality, you need to follow a few simple rules when preparing:
- Berries do not need to be rinsed before freezing. They are collected, and then carefully examined and leaves, branches, various debris, pests and damaged fruits are removed.
- On examination, the tails are not torn off.
- Before cooking, the berries are spread on a flat surface so that they dry slightly.
The dried fruits are spread on a baking sheet or a small tray, straightened and placed in the freezer. Freezing times may vary depending on the maximum power of the refrigerator. Traditionally, one freeze takes 3-4 hours. The finished product is placed in a plastic container or tightly closed plastic bag.
Otherwise, the process of preparing the drink is similar to a similar recipe from fresh fruits. Sugar, water and the workpiece are boiled over a fire for some time, after which it is poured into jars and rolled up with a lid.
You can cook and boil compote not only from frozen black currant. Gardeners actively freeze red and even white berries. Other ingredients may also be included in the beverage. There are recipes with the addition of cherries, cranberries, lingonberries. Many people make a fruit and berry drink with the addition of apples. Among the additional spices added to compote, vanillin and cinnamon are most often used.
Bulgarian pepper for the winter in honey filling - a recipe with a photo
Bell pepper for the winter with honey is a very simple, but at the same time delicious recipe. The peppers are sweetish, crispy with sourness. Very unusual because honey will give its own unique taste. In my opinion, honey goes very well with bell pepper, it simultaneously complements its sweetness and sets off great. Any spices that are bright in taste are not put into such a marinade, which leaves honey the opportunity to reveal its taste and the taste of pepper. For the winter variety of blanks, the recipe is very suitable.
For canning, I most often recommend taking jars that are not too large in volume, especially if your family is not too large and an open jar of pepper will have to stand in the refrigerator for a long time. Why risk your health once again, and it's a pity for food. Agree, if you want more, you can always open two small jars. But it is impossible to preserve the big one back.
In addition, when you cook something for the first time, make small amounts for the experiment. After all, what one likes may not suit the taste of another.
Having tested this recipe on myself, I try to make a couple of three jars of pepper and honey.
For cooking you will need:
1. Wash the bell peppers and cut them in half. Remove the core with the stalk. Rinse off remaining seeds.
2. Cut the peppers into smaller pieces. Cut each half lengthwise into 2 or 3 pieces. If the pepper is very thick, as in my case, it can even be 4. The main thing is to make such pieces that will be convenient to eat later.
3. Place the pepper chunks tightly in clean, sterilized jars. Fill them completely with pepper. Try not to close jars that are not full, they will not be stored for a long time due to the large amount of air. It is best to cook the leftover peppers differently, such as making a fresh salad with them.
4. Now boil the kettle and pour boiling water over the peppers in the jars. Fill the jars to the brim, cover them with sterilized lids and leave them as they are for 10 minutes.
5. Now it's time to prepare the marinade. Take a small saucepan or ladle. Pour honey on the bottom, put salt, peppercorns and coriander seeds in it. Please note that sugar is not added, honey is substituted for it.
6. Pour hot water from jars of peppers directly into this saucepan, from this broth we will prepare a marinade.
7. Bring the marinade to a boil and pour over the peppers in the jars.
8. Then screw the caps back on as tightly as possible. Check if they are leaking. Then turn the cans over and wrap them in a warm blanket or towel. As such, the jars must cool before they can be put away for storage.
This very tender and spicy pickled appetizer will surely delight you on a long winter evening with its summer taste. Enjoy yourself and treat your family.
For both seedling and indoor cultivation, the soil for basil is the same as for tomato seedlings. It is better to use plastic cassettes with a volume of 65 cubic meters. cm.
Although, of course, you can sow the seeds in a common container, cover them with a film until sprouting, and then (in the stage of two true leaves) cut them into separate containers. Sow basil to a depth of about 0.5 cm at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other.
TIP: Basil can be grown in the garden as an independent culture, and in the aisles of tomatoes, peppers and other vegetables, especially since it scares away many pests with its smell: aphids, spider mites, flies, mosquitoes, five-spot hawk moth.
For the growth of young plants, a temperature of about +25 degrees is needed, and good lighting. After 40-45 days, in late May-early June, when warm weather sets in and the soil at a depth of 10 cm warms up to + 14 ... + 16 degrees, the hardened seedlings are planted in open ground in a sunny, wind-protected place at a distance of 20 30 cm, deepening just above the root collar.
Volga Federal District (Nizhny Novgorod)
Snow days in January await residents Nizhny Novgorod... The average air temperature will be –6-9 ° С during the day and –8-12 ° С at night. It will be cloudy. The same weather situation in Saratov region.
IN Orenburg and Samara regions frosty and a minimum of snow. It is expected –9-13 ° С during the day and –14-16 ° С at night. In the first half of the month it is cloudy, in the second half it is mostly cloudy.
The beginning and end of January in Tatarstan and Udmurtia will not be as cold (the average daily temperature will be –8-11 ° С), as the middle (–13-17 ° С). Most of the snow will fall in the second half of the month.
IN Perm Territory, Ufa district and Kirov region the average January temperature will be relatively constant: –11-16 ° С during the day and –13-16 ° С at night. Forecasters promise a minimum of precipitation. The weather is mostly cloudy, sometimes with clearings.
Tomatoes for the greenhouse 22.02-5.03.
Tomatoes for soil-10-15.03 with subsequent picking
18-25.03. With soaked or sprouted seeds without picking
5-10.04. Sowing in the ground for a later harvest, if the shield bug does not eat ((
Pepper (it is advisable to pre-germinate the seeds)
28.02-5.03. late-ripening varieties
5.03-15.03. early and mid-season varieties
Eggplant (also better to sprout)
Cauliflower, broccoli, white cabbage
early and medium-sowing until 10.03
late-ripening, from 20.03 to 1.04 (later undesirable, as it will not take root well due to the heat)
Kohlrabi in the ground with seeds or seedlings from 03/15 to 04/15/15, then it makes no sense, because of the heat it can be rough and bitter
Brussels sprouts 15-20 .03
Salads, radishes, dill, parsley, basil under the covering material, film all March, April.
Peas - from 1.03 to the end of April.
Cucumbers in cups on April 5-10, in the ground-20-25.04, if desired, you can sow more in a month.
Zucchini, pumpkins, melons - in glasses, pots - April 1-10, in the ground - 20-25.04.
Zucchini and pumpkins grow gorgeous on compost heaps, with their roots + watering perfectly by the end of the season they process all the compost.
Luffa, lagenaria, momordica, decorative pumpkins are sown at the same time.
Watermelons are not always good germination, so it is better to germinate, sowing dates from April 1-15 in pots, in the ground after 20.04.
We soak corn for a day, sow in cups from 5.04 and every 2 weeks, the latest sowing is 10-15.08 (for those who love corn very much)
if directly into the ground, then from 10.04.
Since the end of February, we sow petunia, carnation, ageratum, lobelia, gatsania, gaillardia, snapdragon, phlox, verbena.
from 20.03-calendula, black-haired tagetes, zinnia, dahlias, nasturtium in a greenhouse under a film,
from 10.04 into the ground.
from 5.04 - decorative sunflowers, bindweed.
From 15.04 it is best to sow biennials (foxglove, Turkish carnation, bells) and perennials. It does not make sense before, in the year of sowing it will not bloom anyway.
It seems that I wrote everything from what is usually sown and planted.
Due to unpredictable weather conditions and a large number of non-sleeping pests, the following garden treatments are proposed:
The name of the drug is in descending order of the amount of active ingredient, so choose who has what.
1. Garth, Cosside, Champion, HOM, Profigold (optional).
2.В30, Fufanon, Actellik (optional).
It is necessary to process trees and bushes from "head to toe". That is, the crowns are sprayed first, then the branches, and last but not least, the trunk and the soil around it.
Roses and ornamental shrubs can not be cut now, in no case - pruning can provoke spilling and active growth of the buds. So we are waiting until spring.
The main fertilizers for autumn, and this applies to all fruit trees and berry bushes, are phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
There are two options. The first one is more expensive, for example, Fertika in autumn. Don't bother. The dosage is all written.
Second: We take Superphosphate, now it is on sale with various additives, for example, sulfur, zinc, etc. + Kalimagnesia or Kalimag.
Why is it preferable to apply potassium in the fall? Because it dissolves for a long time and will be ready by spring !!
The entry rules are as follows. For young trees, 3-4-5 years old (we don't take younger ones, since we bring them for planting), fertilizers are scattered along the projection of the tree crown directly on the ground, for digging !! on 3/4 bayonets of a shovel.
For older trees, we take a scrap or a construction drill and again, according to the projection of the tree crown, we make "holes" to a depth of 40-50 cm. At least 7-8 pieces under a tree. And then we pour our fertilizers there and spill it well with water, at the rate of 1.5-2 buckets per young tree, 6-8 buckets for large ones. Even if it rains a lot. This is the so-called water-charging irrigation, which will allow the roots to be saturated with moisture, nutrition and will help to more easily endure our unpredictable winter.
Fertilization rates are written on all packs, so we consider how many trees and bushes and then we buy.
Now about organic matter.
The most reasonable thing now is to mark future beds for vegetables, sprinkle with humus and be sure to cover it on top with either straw or forest floor. And in the spring, just loosen it up and you can immediately plant.
You can leave humus in the spring. This is how you want it.
I will dig in the cold, because tortured by a bug, and after several frosty days it will be possible to cover it with humus or horse manure and always with grass, straw, etc.
Humus can be poured under the trees, but only after all the foliage has flown around and cold weather is established. But still, it is better not to risk it and leave this procedure for the spring (February-early March). Otherwise, if the weather is warm, organics can provoke the awakening of the kidneys. This also applies to berry bushes and roses too !!
Then, I believe, we must have treatment with iron vitriol:
1. "Whitewashing" trees (except for young ones) - 500 g per 10 liters of water - we do not add any lime. White-paint all trunks and skeletal branches, after that we spray all pome fruits, shrubs, except roses, grapes at the rate of 350-400 g per 10 liters (for stone fruits-300 g per 10 liters of water). This is the introduction of iron, and the destruction of fungal diseases, and the destruction of lichens on trees, especially old ones.
Roses from black spot-300 gr per 10 liters of water. Coniferous and evergreen shrubs are not processed with iron vitriol! For them there is Bordeaux liquid, HOM, Profigold (optional) And now, after harvesting, it is advisable to treat the trees on a leaf with any insecticides, for example, Confidor, Envidor, Vertimek, Bi-58 to destroy the clutches of spider mites, aphids, moths and etc., etc.
There is also spraying 700 grams of urea per 10 liters of water, which also kills all evil spirits, but the leaves from the trees after this treatment will fly around.
Total: first we feed and drink, then we process it from pests, then we feed all the iron)).
Basil: how to plant, care and harvest this aromatic herb
Plant basil now for homemade pesto this summer.
Basil is a thermophilic summer plant that does not thrive in New Zealand's volatile spring conditions. However, you can still sow seeds in trays under a canopy or indoors to get a head start.
You can count on harvesting basil sown from seed within two to three months, or you can plant seedlings right away from your garden center.
Either way, grow it in November so you can start enjoying all the homemade pesto you can eat! By the way, basil also makes an excellent microgreen that can be eaten in just three weeks.
* Plant zucchini now, but don't worry about green
* Frequently asked questions about fertilizers
* How to plant tomato seedlings
There are many types of basil to choose from, including:
* sweet, anise-flavored Thai basil
* with purple leaves 'Dark Opal'
* Spicy Basil 'Fino Verde' (from Kings Seeds)
* large 'Foglie di lattuga', known as lettuce basil, from Italian Seeds Pronto
* 'Genovese Giant' has huge leaves that are perfect for caprese salad.
* 'Greek Mini' with tiny leaves that grows naturally in small ball-shaped boxes.
If you just can't make up your mind, there are mixed seed packs of different varieties, such as Yates' Gourmet Mix.
HOW TO SEED BASILIN SEEDS
Fill the seed tray with seed enhancement mixture and press down gently.
Scatter the seeds sparingly (basil seeds are very small, so try not to sow too much) and sprinkle a little extra seed boosting mixture on top.
Sweet Genovese has large leaves that are ideal for pesto.
Water lightly and place the tray in a greenhouse or on a windowsill.
Cut the seedlings up to 15 cm as they emerge after 5-10 days.
Basil seedlings can be transplanted to a sunny spot in the garden when they are 5 cm tall. Place the seedlings at least 5 cm apart and keep well watered .
HOW TO CARE FOR A VASIL IN A GARDEN
Basil needs the sun and a regular supply of water. If left to survive in very dry soil (or in small containers) for a long time, it will wither or sow prematurely.
Plants mature two months after transplanting, but the leaves can be harvested at any time.
READ MORE NZ GARDENER GROWING GUIDES:
* How to grow garlic
* How to grow garlic
* How to grow galangal
Check out the photo gallery below for more tips for springtime herb care.
Basil's greatest need is for warmth, so avoid planting when the nights are still cool. Basil grows poorly where temperatures fall below 10 ° C, and drops below 4 ° C kill the plants. Sow seeds in pots in early spring for replanting later. And while you are doing this, throw in a few curses. The ancient Greeks believed that basil could only be grown if the seed was sown through ranting and swearing.
Thyme: Place the new plants in a sunny spot in free-draining soil. Give them bad (or unfertilized) soil or the taste will spoil. Seeds can also be sown, rooted plants can be split or stratified. Prune the plants as soon as they start to clump.
3 of 24 DP3010 / 123RF PHOTOS IN STOCK
Sage seeds can now be sown or coniferous cuttings can be taken. Cut off unruly stems from older plants. The established and lignified plants can be propagated by layering.
4 of 24 KESU87 / 123RF PHOTOS IN STOCK
Rosemary grows well in the sun. Place the new plants in a sunny spot in loosely draining soil; poor or sandy soils will do. You can also sow seeds and take softwood cuttings. Prune rooted plants after flowering so they don't grow tall and messy. Complex plants can be pruned immediately.
5 of 24 MALCOLM RUTHERFORD / 123RF
Parsley: Both curly and Italian parsley are biennial, but are best viewed as annuals. In the second year, the leaves are tougher and slightly bitter. Sow seeds or plant seedlings in a sunny, compost-free area, ideal for the soil you applied the manure to last fall. In warmer areas, some shading is helpful for the coming summer.
Oregano and Marjoram: Origanum vulgare subsp. vulgare (oregano) is the simplest and most commonly grown orginan, but chefs often prefer the milder and sweeter flavor of Origanum majorana (sweet marjoram). Both can now be sown in a sunny spot in freely draining soil. The established plants can also be divided or cuttings of conifers can be taken from the tops.
7 of 24 INGA TIHONOVA / 123RF
Aloe vera is a soothing agent that is great for cuts and burns. Separate the growths that have formed at the base of mature plants and leave them to dry for a couple of days before potting or planting. Or buy new plants from garden centers. Plant in a frost-free environment above 4˚C. In cooler areas, grow in pots that can be rearranged indoors for the winter. Or treat like a houseplant, but watch out for mealybugs. Moisten with water and wipe with a soft cloth.
8 of 24 GREATANDLITTLE / 123RF
Mint: Divide rooted plants or root cuttings. You can also take stem cuttings. Take cuttings 10 cm long, removing the lower leaves. Place the stems in a jar of water. Wait for strong roots to form before planting.
Lovage is one of the few herbs that grows well in partial shade. It grows equally well in full sun if given enough moisture. A hardy perennial with a celery scent, seeds can be sown right away or split already established plants.
10 of 24 RUSSELL FRANSHAM
Lemongrass seeds can be sown in trays for replanting. Keep the trays in a warm place - they need warmth to germinate. Established factories can be divided. Use two forks close to each other to push the plants apart. Plants in containers like to grow to the roots, so keep them muted when planting them in pots. Feed your plants with regular fertilizer.
11 of 24 Pinus / Wikimedia Commons
Vietnamese Mint: You can remove cuttings or place new plants in full sun or partial shade; in warmer areas, partial shade is best. Keep plants well watered - moist soils and wetland gardens are ideal.
12 of 24 ALEXANDER BUDYLIN / 123RF
Melissa: Sow seeds in trays for replanting. Established factories can be divided.
13 of 24GUSTAVOTOLEDO / 123RF
There are several types of lavender, but they all look like well-drained fertile soil in full sun. Planting on embankments will improve drainage during rainy periods. A Mediterranean plant, it is used in dry sandy soils with low nutrient content. Do not feed it unless the plants look messy, in which case use controlled release fertilizers. Prune plants in the spring after flowering to maintain their shape. Prune trees again in early fall, being careful not to prune old wood or it will not grow back.
Horseradish can be invasive, so keep it in a confined space. Plant root cuttings or new plants in a sunny location in deep, fertile, moisture-retaining soil. Do not let the plants dry out or the roots will become bitter.
Garlic needs enough moisture during spring growth for the bulbs to gain weight, so make sure you water well. As soon as leaves appear, foliar feed every two weeks for a couple of months.
16 of 24 Patrick Hamilton
Foeniculum vulgare - common fennel Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum is a Florentine fennel. The latter has a convex base. It has the same feathery headdress as regular fennel, but the leaves lack the characteristic scent, and both are easy to grow from seeds. Sow in deep pots now for transplanting later. Place in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. If you want to grow fennel for seed, keep the plants away from dill or coriander as cross-pollination will reduce seed yields.
Dill looks and tastes very similar to fennel, but dill is an annual (fennel is a perennial plant) whose leaves are slightly bluer and the seeds are flatter and thinner. Like fennel, dill has an aniseed flavor but is muted and not as sweet; however, the seeds have a stronger flavor and are often used as a seasoning for pickling. Sow seeds consistently. For an early start, sow in deep pots (they have a taproot, so avoid trays) for repotting later.
18 of 24THANAMAT SOMWAN / 123RF
Coriander seeds can be sown in late spring or early summer in rich, well-drained soil. Sequential seeding for continuous feed. Let some plants sow seeds so they can sow on their own. Earlier self-sown plants will now begin to appear.
Comfrey is a great natural fertilizer plant, but it can take over your garden, so keep it away. Root cuttings or plant new ones. Comfrey is a deep-rooted perennial plant, so plant it where it can take root to a depth of 1.5 m. The distance between plants is about 60 cm. Comfrey grows in full sun or partial shade.
The scalloped onion is a hardy perennial plant that is easy to grow from seed. Seeds need enough warmth to germinate, so sow them in trays for repotting and grow at least three clumps. Harvest one bush, then move on to the next until the first bush grows back. Leave 5 cm of build-up on each lump. You can also split already formed groups. Make sure there are six to eight bulbs in each division. Add compost to the soil before replanting.
21 of 24LUCIAN MILASAN / 123RF
German chamomile, annual, medicinal herb for making tea Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) is a perennial plant used for lawns. Sow the seeds of both and take cuttings or split the perennial chamomile. If you want to create a lawn with chamomiles, first clear the area of weeds while the seedlings are growing. Plant in full sun for best flowering.
Caraway is held every two years. In the first year of life, the plant forms feathery leaves, reaching a height of about 20 cm. In the second year, from spring to early summer, it gives high flower heads from 60 to 120 cm in height. They eventually develop into seed heads from which you can harvest seeds. For flavoring. Plant in direct sun in well-drained compost soil.
Borage can be sown directly into the ground in a sunny location. The soil does not have to be rich. The plants germinate quickly and mature in about six weeks. Borage is self-seeding, so you can see pubescent leaves appearing on new plants that begin to take root.
Bay can be grown from seed, but takes several months to germinate. Or buy the plants from your local garden center and plant them in moderately rich, free-draining soil. First, bury the compost and some slow fertilizer in the soil. If growing in containers, mix the compost with the potting soil. Despite frost resistance up to -5˚С, young plants need protection from frost.