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Botany is a branch of biology that studies flora, that is, plant life, taking into account anatomy, physiology, classification and ecology.

The first to study the plant world was Theophrastus who explained over five hundred plants and their respective use in the medicinal field. Then it was the turn of Dioscorides and Pliny the Elder who wrote about this world, in particular the latter, he was the author of the Naturalis Historia, a scientific encyclopedia that summarized over two thousand works published up to that time. In the mid-1500s, botany broke off definitively from other sciences through the creation of the first botanical gardens and from the beginning of the collections of dried herbs. They began to differentiate and classify plants on the basis of fruits and flowers and to delineate their species. A step forward regarding the classification of plants was made by Charles Linnaeus, ... continues

Articles on: botany

continue ..., a Swedish botanist who, through his work Systema Naturae, dictated the criteria for a classification of the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms; another very important work of this botanist was the Philosophia botanica, in it he took into consideration the plant world, differentiating it by variety, species, genus, orders and classes. Linnaeus was also the inventor of a method by which the living being could be identified and described knowing only the species and genus. Linnaeus also found contrary opinions, for example, Georges Louis Leclerc of Buffon, a very famous botanist, considered his classification too schematic as he took into consideration only the best known species.

A very important tool for the botanist is the herbarium, a collection of well-preserved samples on the basis of which it is often possible to trace the distribution of plants that are now extinct or new to a given territory. The samples that make up the herbarium are about two thousand and divided by family and gender; there are also collections of samples preserved in a special liquid, of gems, trees and shrubs from the Emilia-Romagna region.

The botanical species present in Italy are innumerable: from fir to mountain maple, from sorrel to mountain garlic, from holly to apricot, from asparagus to hackberry, from calendula to catalpa, from chestnut to cyclamen, from ivy to heather, from fig to fennel, from ash to lily, from larch to holm oak, from apple to blueberry, from olive to pear and we could go on almost indefinitely.

Video: 01 Botany: Overview