Description of apple variety Uslada

Description of apple variety Uslada



We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

The Uslada variety became widespread not so long ago, but summer residents and gardeners have already managed to fall in love with these wonderful pink apples for their great taste and unpretentious care.

Description of apple variety Delight

Let's start with a description. The apple variety was discovered and bred by the famous breeder Isaev, a follower and student of Michurin. The essence of his research was that he crossed wild and cultivated varieties of apples, trying to get in one variety all the advantages of one and the other.

In 1961, research and experiments were successfully completed. They took place in the research laboratory of the Lomonosov Moscow State University. Immediately after that, the prototypes were placed in their natural habitat. It was found that Uslada apple trees are an ideal choice for those people whose gardens and summer cottages are located in rainy regions.

The variety is not prone to scab (this is a disease that occurs due to a large amount of moisture). In addition, such apple trees safely endure the winter, so you don't have to worry about their freshness.

The tree itself does not grow large, a maximum of 3 or 4 meters, so the Uslada apple variety is sometimes called dwarf. The crown of such an apple tree will be round for the first years, and then it will stretch into an oval one. The crown will have to be constantly shaped and pruned, as the branches grow too densely.

The tree does not begin to bear fruit immediately, you will have to wait several years from the date of purchase before the tree gets stronger and fruits appear on it. But then, when the apple tree begins to bear fruit in full force, it will be possible to observe regular harvests on it.

If the growth of the crown is left to chance and not pruned, this will significantly harm the yield process, apples will grow of different sizes and differ greatly in taste.

The apples themselves are green, the sides are beautiful, bright crimson. The color of apples is solid, they stick well to the tree, so they will not crumble and damage. Dots can be seen on the skin. Under the skin, the flesh is mostly white, without any inclusions, sometimes it can be slightly pinkish in ripe apples. The apples themselves are large, on strong apple trees they grow weighing up to 170 grams.

As for the taste of this apple, the name speaks for itself. The variety is considered elite, usually used for the preparation of sweet and dessert dishes. Real gourmets can catch notes of raspberries in the taste of apples. The pulp is dense, juicy. Apples keep well they can be set aside for eating both raw, and they can be used to prepare various preparations for the winter.

In addition to being beautiful and tasty apples of the Uslada variety, they contain a large amount of vitamins. These apples can be consumed by those people who, due to health restrictions, require a diet.

Pros and cons of the variety

What are the benefits of this apple variety?

  1. Well tolerates winter.
  2. Not susceptible to disease.
  3. This variety moisture is not terrible, and, accordingly, the scab disease.
  4. Stable and large yields (if a lot of apple trees of this variety grow in the garden, then you can think about growing apples not only for yourself, but also for commercial purposes).
  5. Apple tree does not require strong maintenance.
  6. It grows well and bears fruit in the central regions.

Although the apple tree is considered rarely ill, it is still not worth provoking some tree diseases yourself. For example, after the foliage has fallen, it must be completely removed so that harmful insects, parasites and rodents do not spread there.

Disadvantages

The only drawback of this variety is that every year you have to cut off excess branches and form a crown... It goes without saying that this is a burdensome occupation, especially when the tree is not small.

You need to skillfully wield a saw and pruning shears, have some skill, but it is safe to say that all these difficulties and inconveniences can be compensated for by the incredibly tasty apples of the Uslada variety, which can be enjoyed all autumn and part of winter.

Landing rules

Before making a decision on planting apple trees, you need to analyze well the weather conditions and the area in which planting is planned.

If we are talking about the southern regions, where the main soil is black soil, then it is necessary to plant apple trees of this variety late, almost at the end of autumn, in October.

As for central Russia, they need to be planted in the spring, at a time when the entire crop is planted.

  1. Young seedlings brought from the nursery (and it is best to buy them there, since the likelihood of an annoying mistake or the fact that you will simply be deceived by unscrupulous sellers is reduced to zero), must be planted in previously prepared loose soil.
  2. After the apple tree has been planted in the ground, the soil must be watered and fertilized with manure. You need to understand that you will need to fertilize the apple tree every season. Wood ash is a good fertilizer for Uslada apple trees. In the spring, the Uslada apple tree is recommended to be fed with nitrogen fertilizers, this helps to repel insects and other pests.
  3. In order for the apple tree to grow and give stable yields, you need to choose the right place for planting it. FROMYou need to squeeze it where there is a sufficient amount of shadow and an overly bright sun does not shine.
  4. To prevent a small and fragile seedling from falling over, you need to put a special stable peg next to it, drive it into the ground and carefully, but tightly tie the plant to it. In this case, the trunk of the tree should not come into contact with the plane of the peg.
  5. Throughout the life of an apple tree, it is customary to ensure that the soil under it dries out, otherwise the root system will suffer from this and the apple tree will die.
  6. The root system of apple trees is superficial, therefore the roots must be carefully covered for the winter with humus and spruce branches, otherwise, the apple tree will not survive the fierce Russian winter and, again, will die.

In any case, Uslada apple trees are planted when the soil is moist.

The apple variety Uslada is self-pollinating, therefore, in order for pollination to occur sufficiently, the apple trees of this variety are planted next to other apple trees of any variety, however, pollination will occur when Grushovka or Papirovka is planted next to Uslada.

You do not need to plant apple trees far from each other, this will complicate the pollination process. If you plant an apple tree alone and do not take care of the apple trees in the neighborhood, then the harvest simply will not be there, or it will literally count just a few apples.

Pruning

  1. Pruning should be done exclusively in the spring.
  2. First you need to inspect the entire apple tree for the presence of dry branches that appeared over the winter. The tree no longer needs them, they will create an additional load on healthy branches, so dry ones will have to be cut off first. You need to cut them to healthy wood, do not leave dry ends on the branches.
  3. In order for the cut branches not to hurt, they must be lubricated with a special liquid.that is sold at a garden store.
  4. The crown needs to try to give it an oval shape, not to leave too long and too short branches.

Since the Uslada apple tree is a short tree, it can be pruned without much effort.

Storage

The apple tree brings its first harvest in late August - early September. If you want the apples to lie in storage, then you need to pick them slightly unripe, then they are stored for about a month, overripe apples will not lie.

Moreover, apples with broken sides, wormholes and other defects cannot be sent for storage... These apples will rot themselves, and those that lie next to them can spoil from them.

Diseases and pests

The apple variety Uslada is one of the leaders in resisting various kinds of diseases, and these include not only scab, but also various kinds of fungal diseases and pests.

Since the apple tree does not require any special care, you just need to buy a solution for the prevention of diseases in the store and treat the tree trunk with it annually (this solution is somewhat reminiscent of whitewash).

Conclusion

Thus, the Uslada apple variety is a delicious delicacy that is to the taste of both children and adults. Beautiful red-green apples with a pleasant sourness can easily be grown on your own site, since the tree does not require any special care, and the apples grow adorable.


The apple variety "Uslada" originates in the distant 1961.

The Uslada apple-tree is often found on personal plots in central Russia.

Isaev S.I. by the method of complex repeated crossing of apple-tree forms "Narodnaya" ("Yellow Bellefleur" x "Kitayka" x "Papirovka") and "Severyanka" ("Borovinka" x "Taezhnoe" x "Sibirka") brought a variety that was taken for variety testing in 1976 year After successful tests included in the register in 1996 .

The applicant and originator of the variety is the Moscow Society of Nature Experts at Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

After testing, the variety was approved for use in the North-West and Central regions as an early autumn ripening variety.

Characteristic

A newly planted tree of this variety is small. The dense crown resembles more rounded shapes.

Fruit trees of the Uslada variety are of the semi-dwarf type.

Growing up, the shape becomes wide-oval, and thickening increases. Variety prone to thickening and this is taken into account when spring pruning.

  • Adult shaped tree compact, medium-sized .
  • Skeletal shoots saturated gray and obliquely vertical. The rest are gray-brown, thin and the internodes are short. Buds are brown with a burgundy tint, pressed to the shoot, pubescent.
  • Sheet characteristic ovoid shape. The end is shortly pointed and always directed upwards, the edge is crenate. The leaf of this apple tree can always be distinguished by its lower pubescence. The petiole is full color from beginning to end, and its thickness and length are medium.

The variety gives the gardener large apples with an average weight of 130-160 g.

The size of the apple largely depends on the fertility of the soil.

If the crown is thickened, there is no need to rely on a one-dimensional crop. The shape of an apple is from round-conical to flat-round. Fruits are smooth, without a hint of ribbing.

  • The apple has a rich greenish-yellow color ... The covering veil is a blurred red-crimson tone, sometimes speckled-banded. Even without looking closely, it is easy to notice many, subcutaneous, points of different sizes.
  • The funnel of the fruit is decorated with medium rustiness, its depth is quite large. The apple saucer is average. The seeds are not large, well executed.
  • The pulp is pleasant , juicy with fine grain, white. Subcutaneous layer of the fetus with subtle pink veins.
  • Sweet and sour apple flavor barely perceptible, but interesting notes can be traced. The aftertaste is pleasant, not cloying. The tasters appreciated the taste for 4 points.

The tree begins to bear fruit in the 4th-5th year. , which is considered fast for older varieties and does it regularly.

The variety has proven itself quite well in relation to scab damage even in unfavorable years.


Planting and leaving

To make the Delight apple tree feel comfortable, it is better to grow it on black soil. But due to its unpretentiousness, the tree develops normally on other soils.

Planting holes for seedlings must be prepared 5-8 days before being placed in the ground. Their depth should be at least 70 cm. The soil at the bottom is thoroughly loosened and fed with complex fertilizers. Among them:

  1. Humus or compost - 10-20 kg.
  2. Nitrogen fertilizing - 10-15 g per 1 m².
  3. Superphosphate - 25 g.

If you want to plant several trees, you must maintain a distance between holes of 4-5 m.

Planting activities are carried out both in spring and autumn. The exact timing depends on the climatic conditions in the region.

To increase the stability of the seedling, you need to tie a wooden peg to it. After completing planting, the young tree should be watered with settled water. After 7 days, the ground near the trunk circle can be mulched and re-watered.

Uslada apple trees do not need special care, so even novice gardeners can grow them. However, the tree must receive the optimal amount of nutrients, air and moisture. Compliance with such rules will increase yields and improve the quality of fruits.

Organic and mineral fertilizers are used to feed the apple tree. Every year, the trunk circle is fertilized with 5 kg of cow dung or 8 kg of compost. This action can be repeated every year in the fall.

With increased flowering, apple trees need liquid fertilizing. To carry them out, small pits should be made and a solution of organic matter and mineral components should be poured into them.

Proper care of Uslada apple trees is a guarantee of abundant and long-term fruiting in almost any region of Russia.


Recommendations for growing an apple tree and care

Probably all summer residents and gardeners will agree that the Uslada apple tree does not claim special care and is grateful for periodic attention.

Planting an apple tree

It is better to allocate spring time for planting the seedlings of Uslada. At the end of April, the soil practically thawed. If the opportunity to plant Uslada appeared only in the fall, then it is advisable to take up seedlings in September-early October. In this case, the apple tree can still take root and take root until the cold season.

When planting Uslada, it is important to choose the right pollinator tree.

Next to the Uslada apple tree, trees of the same group should be placed, with a suitable flowering period.

For cross-pollination of Uslada, the varieties President, Bogatyr, Grushovka are optimal.

Delight apple trees do not grow luxuriously spreading. However, when laying a garden, it is necessary to provide for a distance between individual apple trees of at least 4-5 meters. This measure will provide each tree with good lighting and ventilation. Preparatory work is carried out before landing.

  1. It is recommended to choose a place for planting a seedling Uslada in advance. A hole is dug a week before planting to a depth of about 70 cm.
  2. Humus, mineral fertilizers (superphosphate, a mixture of potash and nitrogen fertilizers) are poured onto the bottom of the pit. Be sure to pour some soil on top and mix everything gently.
  3. After a week, the apple tree is placed in a hole, spreading the roots, and covered with soil. Water abundantly so that the earth in the pit is compacted. After 7-8 days, it is recommended to repeat the abundant watering.

The best option is to drive in two / three pegs along the edges of the pit and fix the seedling between them with ropes (as in the photo).

Chernozem, of course, is a universal soil for apple trees. But Delight takes root well and bears fruit in various lands. A generous harvest is ensured with conscientious care, timely watering, periodic loosening of the soil and fertilization.

Watering and feeding trees

Autumn feeding of the Uslada apple tree is carried out to preserve and ensure fertility. It is best to use organic fertilizers during this period - manure or dung. If a compost pit is equipped in the country, then composting can be carried out at the rate of 8 kg per square meter.

In the spring, during bud setting and during the flowering period of Delight, it is useful to fertilize the soil with a mineral composition. Complex fertilizers are applied when watering apple trees.

For proper watering, water must be poured into a special ditch (15-20 cm deep), shaped around the apple tree in the form of a circle.

When carrying out irrigation work, it is important to take into account the relief of the site. On level ground, furrows are usually leveled by loosening the soil. If the garden is laid out on a slope, then it is advisable to form a roller around the apple tree trunk or equip a hole.Such measures will help to retain moisture during artificial irrigation and during rains.

Water rates are determined by the age of the apple tree.

During dry periods, trees are naturally watered more often. This is especially important during flowering and setting of apples. As a result of a lack of moisture, part of the ovary may fall off, and the apples will not pick up juice and will be small.

Pruning apple trees

A distinctive feature of the Uslada variety is that when the crown thickens, apples begin to ripen in different sizes. To avoid such a problem, it is recommended for this variety to be sure to prune unnecessary branches.

Spring is the best time to prune your apple tree. The sap flow has not yet begun and you can see the branches that are superfluous.

When pruning, the crown is thinned out - branches that interfere with each other and thicken the tree in the summer are removed. The tops are necessarily cut off. These are strong fatty shoots that take sap from the tree. They thicken the crown and never bear fruit. Pruning aged apple trees Delight still has a rejuvenating value.

When pruning branches, the places of the cuts must be covered with garden varnish, which accelerates the healing of the branch, prevents the penetration of fungal diseases and stops the flow of juice from the cut.


Apple tree care Delight

Despite the unpretentiousness of the tree, it needs care:

  1. Water the plant abundantly every week. An average adult tree needs 3 buckets of standing water per week.
  2. Loosening of the soil should be carried out, as well as removal of weeds.
  3. Also, the tree needs annual pruning of dried or damaged branches. This procedure will help prolong fruiting. In addition, the place of the cuts must be lubricated with garden varnish to avoid the penetration of irritants into the plant.
  4. First of all, you need to fertilize the ground under the apple trees. For example, complex fertilizers. This will require 8 kg of compost, 5 kg of cow dung and 1 kg of bird droppings per 1 sq. M. And you can also use chemical fertilizers.

The apple tree Uslada calmly resists diseases of fruit trees, including scab common in temperate climates. With proper care, the tree is not afraid of other fungal diseases and pests.

The Uslada apple tree is considered one of the best varieties of this culture. Due to its characteristics, it is very popular with gardeners.


Planting and leaving

The apple variety "Uslada" is zoned in the Central (including the Moscow region) and North-West (including the Leningrad region) regions.

Planting is usual - in autumn or spring. I prefer to plant apple trees in the fall, before lingering rains, which soak the lump well.

The distance between trees depends on the type of rootstock. I know for sure that “Uslada” saplings can be bought on medium-sized and semi-dwarf rootstocks, they say that there are also on dwarf ones, but I have not seen them. Plant according to the scheme from the table “Apple tree planting schemes”. The graft should be considered medium-sized.

"Delight" is very prone to crown thickening: therefore, it should be cut off annually, removing all tops, everything growing inside the crown, as well as all branches that duplicate each other and compete with each other for sunlight. Read more about this in Olga Bardin-Boboshko's article "Pruning an Apple Tree - Step-by-Step Instructions for Beginners"

The apple tree begins to bear fruit 4 or 5 years after grafting. This is acceptable, although there are more early-growing varieties.

There are no official guidelines for choosing a pollinator. According to unofficial data, the varieties Brusnichnoe, President, Orlik, Bolotovskoe, Papirovka, Bogatyr, Welsey, and Grushovka Moskovskaya can be good pollinators for the Uslada apple tree.

Fruiting is annual, according to VNIISPK, the yield is more than 100 c / ha, but it is completely unclear how much more. In any case, 100 or even 150 c / ha is quite small by modern standards.

Apples ripen in September.

Winter hardiness is high, at the level of the Antonovka ordinary apple tree. The incidence of scab is relatively low. Even in unfavorable years, trees were affected by a maximum of 2 points out of 5.

Dignity

  • attractive fruit appearance
  • relative compactness of the crown
  • annual fruiting
  • winter hardiness
  • weak susceptibility to scab.

Disadvantages


Planting and leaving

To make the Delight apple tree feel comfortable, it is better to grow it on black soil. But due to its unpretentiousness, the tree develops normally on other soils.

Planting holes for seedlings must be prepared 5-8 days before being placed in the ground. Their depth should be at least 70 cm. The soil at the bottom is thoroughly loosened and fed with complex fertilizers. Among them:

  • Humus or compost - 10-20 kg.
  • Nitrogen fertilizing - 10-15 g per 1 m².
  • Superphosphate - 25 g.

If you want to plant several trees, you must maintain a distance between holes of 4-5 m.

To increase the stability of the seedling, you need to tie a wooden peg to it. After completing planting, the young tree should be watered with settled water. After 7 days, the ground near the trunk circle can be mulched and re-watered.

Uslada apple trees do not need special care, so even novice gardeners can grow them. However, the tree must receive the optimal amount of nutrients, air and moisture. Compliance with such rules will increase yields and improve the quality of fruits.

With increased flowering, apple trees need liquid fertilizing. To carry them out, small pits should be made and a solution of organic matter and mineral components should be poured into them.

Proper care of Uslada apple trees is a guarantee of abundant and long-term fruiting in almost any region of Russia.

Original article and other materials, you can find on our website .

Please like and subscribe to the channel " Gardener's ABC "This will allow us to publish more interesting garden articles.


Watch the video: Top 10 Apple Variety 2021 सब क 10 सबस अचछ कसम2021